Chapter # 32 San Juan County National Assembly for the National Government of the State of New Mexico

Featured

JOIN THE AMERICAN NATIONAL UNION!Video Player00:0000:39

Join us on Telegram!Join our channel!

DonationsDONATION$10$20$30$40$50$60Other Amount:Organization:

SearchSearch for:

RSS

 RSS FEED

Recent Galleries

The First Broadcast of THE T-ROH SHOW

The First Broadcast of THE T-ROH SHOWview

The Second Broadcast of THE T-ROH SHOW

The Second Broadcast of THE T-ROH SHOWview

The Third Broadcast of THE T-ROH SHOW

The Third Broadcast of THE T-ROH SHOWview

ADMIN LOGIN

STATS

  • 63,703 hits

AMERICAN NATIONAL PRESS UNION- CODE OF ETHICS

Preamble

The American National Press Union, a professional Union that promotes the highest standards in publication of record, filing of evidence, and performance of judicial investigations, acknowledges concern for every person’s need to be fully informed of the facts of any case.

Reporters operate as trustees of the Public. The primary objective is to conduct a thorough investigation to be published as a matter of Public Record.

This code is intended to promote the highest quality of reporting in all its forms and to strengthen public confidence in the profession. This code also serves as an educational tool for those who practice, and for those who appreciate, comprehensive reporting. To that end, The American National Press Union sets forth the following.

Code of Ethics

Reporters are accountable for upholding the following standards in their daily investigations:

  1. Be accurate and comprehensive in filing and reporting.
  2. Resist being manipulated by staged events, misrepresentations and false evidence.
  3. Be complete and provide context. Avoid stereotyping people. Maintain objectivity. Reporters communicate/present documented or verifiable facts and avoid presenting one’s own bias and opinions in the investigation.
  4. Treat all people with respect and dignity. Give special consideration to vulnerable victims and compassion to victims of crime or tragedy. Intrude when there is probable cause to believe that a crime is being committed or probable cause to believe that there is evidence of a crime to be filed and reported.
  5. Do not intentionally contribute to, alter, or seek to alter or influence evidence.
  6. Do not manipulate evidence (images, documents or audio) to enhance impact mislead the Public or misrepresent the facts.
  7. Do not pay or otherwise reward sources for evidence.
  8. Do not accept gifts, favors, or compensation from those that seek to influence the facts, alter evidence or conceal a crime.
  9. Do not intentionally sabotage the efforts of other reporters as they too, are trustees of the Public.
  10. As reports are the Public’s business and become part of the Public record, it is imperative that all evidence and claims are verified and all sources are cited accurately

Reporters are required to:

  1. Ensure that the Public’s business is conducted in an ethical manner and defend the rights of access for all reporters.
  2. Think proactively, as a student of psychology, sociology, politics and art to develop a unique vision and presentation. Work with a voracious appetite for justice.
  3. Strive for total and unrestricted access to people, recommend alternatives to shallow or rushed opportunities, seek a diversity of viewpoints, and work to show unpopular or unnoticed points of view.
  4. Avoid political, civic and business involvements or other employment that compromise or give the appearance of compromising one’s own investigative independence.
  5. Strive to be unobtrusive and humble in dealing with people.
  6. Respect the integrity of the evidence and strive to preserve its authenticity.

Require by example and influence to maintain the spirit and high standards expressed in this code. When confronted with situations in which the proper action is not clear, seek the counsel of those who exhibit the highest standards of the profession. Reporters should continuously study their craft, techniques and the ethics that guide it.

RECENT POSTS

Featured

The Government of The United States of America

The Government of The United States of America-1781-2014 • The current affirmed American Nationals have a Government in place for people that want to claim a Nationality and get out of Stateless status. It is called the Government of The United States of America. The American National status is recognized and does have enforcement. Almost all aforementioned issues for the American National have been resolved. The Government of The United States of America-1781-2014 • If anyone is interested in taking an oath or affirmation to any state or to The United States of America, the only place that administers an oath or affirmation that has standing today is the Government of The United States of America. None of the states will issue an oath or affirmation because they are all operating by private membership associations. The Government of The United States of America-1781-2014 • If there are any questions, please do not hesitate to contact the Secretary of State for The United States of America at: secretaryofstatefortusa@generalpost.org • or registrar@generalpost.org • Thank you for your time and attention.

Featured

New Mexico Adopts the 7 Laws of Noah

Seven Laws of Noah for All Mankind

by John P. Pratt
12 Dec 2016, 1 Reed (SR)

©2016 by John P. Pratt. All rights Reserved.

Index, Home

Contents
1. The Hebrew Tradition
2. Biblical Support
2.1 Old Testament
2.2 New Testament
3. Code of Ur-Nammu
4. Problem With Blasphemy
5. Proposed Correction
6. Conclusion
Notes

The Hebrew tradition that God gave Noah seven laws for all mankind is supported both by the Bible and ancient laws. A proposed restoration of those laws is presented.

There is a Hebrew tradition that after the Great Flood when God covenanted with Noah, He also gave seven laws which were to obeyed by all of his posterity. That means they were to be obeyed by all mankind living today. That is an important enough claim that it seems worth researching to discover either the truth or falsehood of that assertion. If all of us are going to be judged by our obedience to those laws, it seems imperative to know what will be on our final test. This article first reviews the tradition and then support from the Bible and from ancient laws. Finally, after concluding that there is indeed compelling evidence that such laws existed, a composite list of what those original laws might have been is proposed.

1. The Hebrew Tradition

A new book attempts to bring this ancient Hebrew tradition to the notice of the Christian world. The book is entitled The Seven Laws of the Sons of Noah, by James Nollet (Oct 2016). Before reading that book this tradition was unknown to me, but it sparked enough interest to research the subject.

The Talmud preserves ancient oral traditions

The principal source for the existence of the seven laws given to Noah is the (Babylonian) Talmud. That ancient book, which is considered sacred to modern Orthodox Judaism, was an attempt to record the oral tradition of the Pharisees about AD 200 (the Mishnah), along with commentaries added until about AD 500 (the Gemara). It should be noted that those oral traditions were rejected by the Sadducees, a competing Hebrew religious sect at the time of Christ. Today some Hebrew sects do not accept it, so by no means is it considered as inspired even by all Hebrews[1], much less by almost any Christians. For the purposes of this article, the only reason the Talmud is being quoted at all is because it attempted to preserve ancient traditions, not because of any belief that it is an inspired work. Again, the subject is of enough importance that any chance that the tradition might be true is worth investigating.

The Talmud seems consistent in claiming that seven laws were given to Noah to be kept by all of his descendants (sometimes translated the “sons of Noah”). In this article those laws are called the “Seven Laws of Noah” or simply the “Seven Laws”. Different references in the Talmud disagree on exactly what those laws were, but all agree on the number being seven.

The following are the purported Seven Laws of Noah. The order of the laws differs in different references; indeed most sources on the Internet listed them in different order. The following order is from what appears to be the earliest listing.[2] Only the single words in boldface are listed in that reference; the explanations which follow are from other sources and commentaries.

      The Seven Laws

1. Courts. Have courts of law with which to administer justice. When one takes an oath to tell the truth as a witness, one may not break that oath.

2. Idolatry. Do not worship man-made images.

3. Blasphemy. Do not curse God nor use His name profanely.

4. Sexual Immorality. Do not commit adultery, incest, homosexuality, or bestiality.

5. Murder. Do not commit either homicide nor suicide.

6. Stealing. Do not steal anything which belongs to others.

7. Limb of a living animal. Do not take the limb from an animal while it lives and eat that limb. Variants of this commandment prohibit eating or drinking blood.

The Ten Commandments of Moses

The first thing one might notice is a great similarity to the Ten Commandments of Moses. That should not be surprising because each nation would be able to add more laws as long as those original seven stayed intact. For comparison here are the Ten Commandments:

      The Ten Commandments

1. No Other Gods. Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

2. Idolatry. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or … bow down thyself to them.

3. Blasphemy. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.

4. Sabbath. Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy.

5. Parents. Honor thy father and thy mother.

6. Murder. Thou shalt not kill.

7. Adultery. Thou shalt not commit adultery.

8. Stealing. Thou shalt not steal.

9. Witnessing. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.

10. Coveting. Thou shalt not covet. (Exo. 20:3-17)

Let’s compare the two lists. First, note that the first of the Seven Laws is essentially equivalent to the ninth of the Ten Commandments because both are about not lying as a witness (as in a court). If so, then we see that six of the Seven are included in the Ten. The main differences are that the Seven include a prohibition against consuming living blood and the Ten include some additional commandments.

Such similarities are to be expected because the Ten should be built on the foundation of the Seven, adding some new commandments which apply only to the descendants of Israel (Jacob). That is, after the Flood many of the descendants of Noah each founded new nations. Originally, nations were simply extended families. Each nation could enact its own laws as long as those laws stayed within the guidelines of those given to Noah for all mankind. In particular, the nation of Israel, born when the Lord through Moses delivered them from bondage in Egypt, was given the law of Moses. The Ten Commandments were a summary of that law, but were only intended to be binding on Israel. Thus we would expect the Ten Commandments to be an extension of any laws given to Noah.

As an example of a special commandment just for Israel, the sabbath (seventh) day helps Hebrews stand out as a nation and helps identify when they are being faithful in obeying the Lord. It was clearly not a commandment to all mankind. For Christians the weekly day of worship is to be Sunday, the first day of the week, in remembrance of the resurrection of Jesus Christ.[3]

As for the consuming of blood, even though such was not forbidden in the Ten Commandments, that prohibition was included elsewhere in the law of Moses: “No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger that sojourneth among you eat blood” (Lev.17:12). Thus all of the traditional Seven Laws are included in the law of Moses.

2. Biblical Support

Now let us turn to other sources to see if there any reason to believe that seven laws were actually given to Noah. Let us begin with the Bible.

2.1 Old Testament

God covenanted with Noah for all his posterity
(by Joseph Anton Kock, 1803)

Two of these traditional Seven Laws are given right in the Book of Genesis as commandments to Noah right after the Flood. Moreover, it is implied that they are for both him and his descendants (“sons” Gen. 9:1). That is a strong witness that at least some laws were given. Now the question becomes how many laws were given and what were the others? If all seven were given in the Bible, there would be no need for this article.

One law given to Noah was “But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.” (Gen. 9:4) That is an exact match for one interpretation of the seventh of the Seven Laws. It is such an unusual and unexpected law that it is a strong witness that both that Biblical law and the Talmudic tradition have a common origin.

Another law recorded in the Bible that was given to Noah is “Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man” (Gen. 9:6). This is not only an exact match with one of the Seven Laws as well as one of the Ten Commandments, it also specifies the penalty as being capital punishment. Thus, any country which has laws not requiring the death penalty for murder is breaking a law given by the Lord to Noah. This law is not dependent on Hebrew oral tradition, but is stated right in the Book of Genesis.

It should also be noted that there was another law given to Noah and his sons before either of those two commandments. It has apparently been entirely overlooked in research on this subject. The first law recorded in Genesis which was given to Noah after the Deluge was: “And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth” (Gen. 9:1). How can this commandment be omitted from the list when it was also given to Adam (Gen. 1:28)? Moreover, it is this verse wherein it is made clear that these commandments were intended for all of Noah’s posterity. Obviously, Noah and his three sons were not being commanded to repopulate the entire earth by themselves. This omitted law is discussed below in the section proposing a restored set of the Seven Laws.

Another more subtle argument favoring the existence of idolatry being one of the Seven Laws is the following. It has always been puzzling to me that the second of the Ten Commandments was even necessary. That is, if one follows the first commandment of not worshiping any other gods except the one true God who delivered Israel from the bondage of Egypt, then wouldn’t the second commandment not to worship idols be superfluous? It has always seemed that the first commandment subsumes the second if its intent was not to worship idols. The existence of the Seven Laws of Noah could help explain the reason for two separate commandments: the law forbidding idolatry was already one of the Seven, but with Moses a new commandment limiting worship even further was being added.

2.2 New Testament

The Roman centurion was not pagan, but “feared God”

One of the best scriptural evidences supporting the Seven Laws is in the book of Acts. There were disputes about whether a gentile being baptized into the newly founded Church of Christ needed to follow all of the law of Moses or not. At first the gospel was not even taught to gentiles until Peter had the vision that the time had come to teach Cornelius (Acts 10:28), the first gentile to be baptized. But what law should gentiles obey after baptism? The Apostle Paul maintained that it was not necessary for them to live the law of Moses, which was only for Israelites and in any case had been fulfilled in Christ. At the first official hearing where the issue was decided, James the Just (the brother of Christ and head of the Jerusalem Church, probably what would be called today the Presiding Bishop), finally decided in favor of Paul. He declared, “Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them, which from among the Gentiles are turned to God: But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from things strangled, and from blood.” (Acts 15:19-20).

How did James go about deciding on that list of prohibitions? In his book, Nollet explains that to understand that ruling it helps to know that at that time there were two distinct types of converts to Judaism. The first was a full conversion which involved accepting circumcision and the entire law of Moses. The second type was simply to agree to live by the Seven Laws of Noah as then understood from the Talmud. Jews were to have no dealings at all with gentiles because they worshiped idols and many gods. If a Roman made the huge leap of faith to abandon the Roman gods to worship the one true God, then the Jews referred to that second type of convert as “God-fearing” (or as James said, “turned to God”). Jews could have interaction with God-fearing gentiles without being polluted. This must have been the case both with the Roman centurion Cornelius who “feared God” (Acts 10:1-2) as well as the centurion who not only had the faith to have Jesus heal his servant from afar but also had even built a synagogue for the Jews (Luke 7:5). James is apparently simply listing a few of the familiar laws of Noah as to what the requirements were to be a “God-fearing” gentile. If so, then his decision was that the rules for converting to Christianity could be basically the same as for that level of conversion to Judaism.

Thus, the Book of Acts provides evidence that the laws of Noah were known to the apostles of Jesus Christ and were considered to be authentic. That is a huge point of support for both the existence of such laws of Noah as well as their acceptance as having been accurately preserved by oral tradition.

3. Code of Ur-Nammu

If indeed seven laws for all mankind were revealed to Noah to be used for governing every nation, then some trace of those laws should be found in the most ancient laws known, especially if they trace back to near the time of Great Flood (2343 BC in my chronology).

Code of Ur-Nammu

The most ancient code of laws known in history is believed to be the Code of Ur-Nammu of ancient Sumer and to date back to about 2100 BC. If that is correct, that would only be a couple of hundred years after the Flood, so it totally seems worthy of investigation. After all, the survivors of a the Great Deluge would still have a vivid memory that nearly all of mankind were destroyed because of their wickedness, so one would expect new sets of laws to contain righteous principles. With that in mind, let’s look at the 32 laws of the Code of Ur-Nammu.[4]

The first law listed is: “If a man commits a murder, that man must be killed.” That one is a bull’s-eye. That is almost identical to the Genesis version: “Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed” (Gen. 9:6). In any case it seems equivalent to the fifth of the Seven Laws of Moses: Do not murder. Remember, that comparison is not to Hebrew oral tradition, but the Bible itself. On the other hand, it is not surprising that murder is against the law, so let’s look at some other laws.

The second law is: “If a man commits a robbery, he will be killed”. In most of these translations, “robbery” and “stealing” are used interchangeably. The technicality that in English “robbery” is different from “stealing” because it implies force on the victim or the threat of force was apparently not understood by most translators. The third law concerns kidnapping which is treated separately from theft.

Laws 4 through 11 all concern marriage, divorce, and avoiding adultery. Some instances of adultery were actually punishable by death (laws 6 and 7), just at it was in the law of Moses, so those laws show how important marriage covenants were. Forbidding adultery is not only a match to the eighth of the Ten Commandments, it is close enough to the fourth of the traditional laws of Noah as to be counted as a match.

Moreover, because marriage is implied in the forgotten law of Noah to “multiply, and replenish the earth”, it is important to notice that some of the laws of Ur-Nammu deal with marriage. Thus, here we find evidence in support of marriage being considered in the official laws of the land as might be expected from what Noah was commanded.

Most of the other laws in the Code of Ur-Nammu deal with treatment of slaves and disputes between citizens. Apparently the laws covered both what we now call criminal and civil cases.

Law 28 is relevant to this study: “If a man appeared as a witness, and was shown to be a perjurer, he must pay fifteen shekels of silver”. That is a very close match to both the ninth of the Ten Commandments and the first of the traditional Hebrew laws of Noah. That makes four matches, which forms good supporting evidence that ancient laws might well have been shaped by the alleged Seven Laws of Noah. Of course, it is not surprising that there were laws against murder and theft, but to sometimes punish adultery with death and to prohibit only bearing false witness rather than lying in general[5] are both unusual enough to constitute compelling evidence that there is an actual connection between the two sets of laws. Limiting lying to false witness seems wise to indicate a high level of deception intended in order to be condemned of breaking this law. Besides applying to perjury in court, this law could also include publicly making false claims about a product being sold. Not forbidding all lying gets the husband off the hook for telling his wife the “little white lie” that she does not look fat in that dress!

The better known Code of Hammurabi, a king of the Old Babylonian Kingdom near the same area as Sumer, dates to about 1700 B.C. It had 232 laws which were similar to those of Ur-Nammu, but covered many more details of social actions, such as the wages to be paid to various trades. Details are not reviewed in this article as they do not add much new to this discussion, but the preface seems relevant as it attests to the desire of the king to please God and rule in righteousness:

“Anu and Bel called by name me, Hammurabi, the exalted prince, who feared God, to bring about the rule of righteousness in the land, to destroy the wicked and the evil-doers; so that the strong should not harm the weak; so that I should rule over the black-headed people like Shamash, and enlighten the land, to further the well-being of mankind.”[6]

4. Problem With Blasphemy

Notwithstanding good support of the existence of Noah’s Seven Laws and strong evidence of similarities found in ancient legal codes dating to that period, there appear to be problems with one of the laws given in the traditional Hebrew view. That is not surprising because they claim to have been preserved by an oral tradition. Anyone who has played the game of whispering a sentence around a circle of people in order to laugh at how much it gets changed is familiar with the possibility of details being altered or misunderstood. More than that, there is the possibility of some of the laws having been entirely lost. The most consistent part of the tradition, and one which would be easy to preserve, was that there were originally seven laws. Thus, if some were lost, then others would need to be invented to fill their slots to make a total of seven (representing completeness). Let us now look at some problems to see if remedies can be proposed.

The third of the traditional Hebrew laws which forbids blasphemy against God is problematic. If it were correct, then God would be brought into the laws of all nations. Do all nations even know about God? Let’s consider the implications of accepting this law.

What of belief in many gods?

Many religions are polytheistic, pagan, or even atheistic. Some countries are called the “heathen nations” in scripture. God doesn’t seem to have a problem with them because the judgment will be “tolerable” for them. In fact, they can rise in the first resurrection (D&C 45:54 cf D&C 75:22). Indeed, worshiping the one true God is only a requirement to enter the highest (celestial) kingdom of the three kingdoms of heaven. The heathen who died without law and were honorable men will inherit the second (terrestrial) kingdom (D&C 76:71-75). Thus, it does not seem possible that the original seven laws could have had any requirement to worship, nor even believe in, one true God.

The Ten Commandments require the worship of God for the children of Israel, but that is an example of adding a law for one particular nation. In the Book of Mormon, there is also another example of a law requiring worship of the Lord. New prophets can make new covenants with God which not only affect their descendants but also all of those who enter the land associated with the covenant. The Book of Mormon is largely the story of the descendants of a prophet named Lehi who was a descendant of Joseph of Egypt. His family left Jerusalem in 601 BC, just before its destruction later that year,[7] and were led by the Lord across the ocean to the Americas. Lehi made a covenant with the Lord which apparently concerns the entire western hemisphere. The law which came with his covenant to receive that land included at least two new laws above and beyond the laws of Noah. First, the inhabitants of the land, including those from the gentile nations who would eventually “discover” that land, must worship the Lord Jesus Christ. The Lord has decreed that if any nation on this land ceases to be Christian, it will be swept off the face of the earth. In fact, that decree dated back to the civilization of the Jaredites who had dwelt in the land previous to Lehi, but had been destroyed (Ether 2:9).

Second, Lehi was given the law of monogamy (the marriage of one man to one woman) for all who lived in his land. The Lord told Lehi’s son Jacob that He was not at all pleased with what had happened in the case of Solomon with his 700 wives and 300 concubines (1 Kings 11:3 ) and He would not tolerate anyone using Solomon as an excuse to practice polygamy in this new land (Jacob 2:24-27). Jacob was told this was the law given to Lehi, although there could be exceptions if commanded by the Lord. The Lord also added that their enemies (the Lamanites), even though wicked in many ways, at least followed the law of monogamy and hence would be used by the Lord as a scourge to them.

This law of monogamy is noted here because it was clearly a departure from what had been allowed under the Seven Laws of Noah. There are prohibitions against adultery in all three sets of laws considered (Seven Laws, Ten Commandments, and Code of Ur-Nammu). That implies that some sort of marriage must be defined, but leaves it open as to multiple wives or husbands or concubines being lawful. The new law in the Americas was definitely more restrictive.

This is a great example of how new nations could have different laws from each other, even given by the Lord, but it would be understood that all would still fall within the restrictions of Noah’s Seven Laws. The main reason to include these examples from the Book of Mormon is to offer evidence that there was no requirement to believe in God nor prohibition of polygamy or concubines in the Seven Laws of Noah.

5. Proposed Correction

It seems worth an attempt to restore the original seven laws. We have seen that at least one has been omitted, that of multiplying to replenish the earth. Marriage is implied in all three lists of laws considered in this article because all of them prohibit adultery, which is the breaking of a marriage covenant. Thus it seems that one missing commandment might well have discussed marriage and having offspring.

Moreover, it has been argued above that there seems to be no reason to require that all mankind worship the god of Abraham. That was a special commandment for his posterity. Thus, the commandment not to blaspheme the name of God seems out of place for the many nations who had never even heard of God.

An important point here is the beauty and importance of negative laws. People often complain about the “Thou shalt not” commandments because they restrict freedom. But another way to look at it is they allow everything else except the one thing that is forbidden. Consider the example of all of the fruit in the Garden of Eden being available for Adam and Eve except for just one tree which was forbidden (Gen. 2:16-17).

Blind men describing an elephant
(Click to see their view of reality)

As another example, consider religion. If the commandment were to “Worship the one true God”, then all religions which did not claim to do that would be outlawed. On the other hand, if the commandment is “Thou shalt not worship man-made images” then a multitude of religions are allowed, even atheism. The Lord has said that He reveals His word to every nation and they have written it (2 Nephi 29:12). Think about that! That sounds like sacred books such as the Chinese Tao Te Ching, the Hindu Upanishads,[8] and the Tibetan Book of the Deadmight all have been inspired for particular peoples. Some religions speak of many gods, others speak of reincarnation and a law of “karma”. Some speak only of being “in tune” with nature and the “spirit-which-moves-in-all-things”. Perhaps God revealed different truths to various nations which could appear to be quite diverse from each other, even as when the blind men tried to describe the elephant. Each only touched one part of the elephant and thought he had the whole truth, but actually only understood part of the picture. All of those religions could be allowed by the Seven Laws as long as adherents did not bow down to man-made images. Abraham fought against idol worship before making his covenant with the Lord (Jasher 11:17), so apparently idolatry was forbidden as part of a law which predated God’s covenant with Abraham.

As another example, Taoists claim to follow “The Way”, the true path of life. When Christ came, he announced “I am the way” (John 14:6). All men are born with the light of Christ (John 1:9). So in a sense, any man following his conscience, the light within him, is following Christ, but without necessarily knowing His name. That could be a religion which would lead men to lead honorable lives. Clearly, it should not be a law for all nations to have to know of God and worship Him.

With all of that in mind, just changing one of the traditional Hebrew list of the Seven Laws of Noah results in what appears to possibly be an acceptable suggestion to be the original list. That is simply to replace the prohibition on blasphemy with the Biblical commandment to multiply and replenish the earth:

      Proposed Original Seven Laws

1. Idolatry. Do not worship man-made images.

2. Families. Encourage marriage for raising offspring.

3. Adultery. Do not commit adultery.

4. Blood. Do not eat nor drink blood.5. Stealing. Do not steal.

6. Murder. Do not murder. He who sheds innocent blood shall be executed.

7. Witnessing. Do not bear false witness.

If we count witnessing the same as courts, adultery the same as illicit intercourse, and consuming blood the same as eating a limb torn off a living animal, then six of these seven match up with the traditional Hebrew list. Only the prohibition of blasphemy has been removed for reasons discussed above. It was replaced with the one to marry and multiply and replenish the earth, which in fact was in the list provided in the Bible.

Seven Laws of Noah
Proposed original Seven Laws of Noah

Moreover, comparing this list to the Ten Commandments, we see that of the Ten, the ones about no other gods, blasphemy, honoring parents, the sabbath day, and coveting are not represented. That means then five of the Ten Commandments are among the final proposed Seven Laws.

As for the proposed order of the Seven Laws, note that commandments 2, 4, 6 are the three commandments listed in Genesis, kept in the same order. Moreover, commandments 1, 3, 5, and 7 are all included in the Ten Commandments in that same order. In addition, sacred symbolism of the numbers is retained: 1 is about worshiping God; 2 is about marriage (of two people), 3 is about a third person outside of marriage, 4 is about life, and 6 is about murder. In most of the sacred calendars, the number 6 represents death. The prohibition of murdering is also the sixth of the Ten Commandments. Thus, the order of these proposed commandments seems to be correct, or at least meaningful.

6. Conclusion

The evidence is compelling that there were indeed seven laws given to Noah after the Great Deluge to be observed by all nations which sprang up among his descendants. Several of the seven laws traditionally accepted by Judaism coincide with laws of the Ten Commandments and also from the Code of Ur-Nammu, which are the oldest laws known in history dating back to just a few hundred years after the Flood. Examination of the traditional laws shows both that one that is recorded in Genesis has been omitted and that one was added which does not seem possible to be correct. Thus, simply replacing the incorrect one (blasphemy) with the missing one (multiply and replenish the earth) produces a proposed list for the original Seven Laws of Noah given for all mankind as commandments from God.

Notes

  1. See “Talmud” in Wikipedia for a summary article about the Talmud and its acceptance in modern Judaism.
  2. This listing is from the Tosefta (Avodah Zarah 9:4) in the Mishnah (oral tradition) in the Talmud. (See “Seven Laws of Noah” in Wikipedia in the Tosefta section.) Another Mishnah source is Sanhedrin 56a (see “Sanhedrin 56, Section 3) “The Seven Mitzvos (Laws) of Benei (the Descendants of) Noach (Noah)“. That source is apparently quoting the earlier Tosefta (see footnote 18 in Wikipedia opcit); those two sources only differ in the order of the second and third commandments, idolatry and blasphemy. See other summary articles: “Noahide Laws“, Section: “The Seven Laws”; The Jewish Encyclopedia “Laws, Noachian“; and The Jewish Virtual Library, “The Seven Noachide Laws“.
  3. Pratt, John P., “Sacred Calendars Support Christian Worship on Sunday” (18 Sep 2016), Section 2 “Traditional Support for Sunday”.
  4. See “Code of Ur-Nammu” in Wikipedia for a summary article of the code. One translation of all 32 of the laws is provided there which is the translation used in this article.
  5. The version of this law given by the Lord to the LDS people was simply “Thou shalt not lie; he that lieth and will not repent shall be cast out” (D&C 42:21).
  6. Hooker, Richard, editor; King, L.W. translator Mesopotamia: The Code of Hammurabi (1996) quoted in Wikipedia at “Code of Hammurabi“.
  7. Pratt, John P., “Lehi’s 600-year Prophecy of the Birth of Christ” Meridian Magazine (31 Mar 2000).
  8. Pratt, John P., “Parallels Between Hindu and Mormon Scripture” (30 Oct 1967). This is a paper submitted to a World Religion class at the U. of U. just after my LDS mission.

 

Thank You Yahushua ! The State of New Mexico Loves You !!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

NEW POST

  1. Government of The United States of America Fire everyone in every court in the country and start over!PUBLISHED BY THE REIGN OF THE HEAVENS SOCIETY POST ON 06-19-2019 INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC NOTICE The Government of The United States of America has more evidence then needed to prove the following: 1: All courts in the country under the control of the commander in chief whether it is local, state or federal are the most corrupt organizations anyone has ever seen in the history of courts. 2: All detention centers and court houses are owned by the judges. 3: Evidence is hidden on a daily basis. 4:  Bonds in cases are bought and sold on the stock market on a daily basis wherein the courts are beholding to the investors. 5: All courts are used for political purposes. 6: All due process is ignored everyday. 7: All court officers are on the take no matter how anyone slices it and they all need to be shut down, every court officer fired and sent home, every case where prisoners are being held need to be reviewed and in the cases of non-violent offenders, sent home. All retired military officers and non-commissioned officers can run the courts under the rules of occupation until permanent replacements can be found.A complete overhaul of all organizations claiming to be judicial in nature need to be reviewed and shut down if found to be doing something other than judicial activity.  It is to a point now where it does not matter if someone is trained in judicial proceedings because those that are so-called trained are so corrupt, a law student in law school for 3 months can do a better job. A local store keeper can do a better job and we think people today would trust the local hair salon to run a court more honestly then what is in the court rooms today. The blatant corruption has been going on for a better part of the last 50 years and it is time to scrap all of it and start over. The court houses need to be cleaned, all retirement needs to be cut off, even from those that served as judges, and use that money to revamp and restore the whole judicial system from the bottom up. It is so bad, that we do not have time to put those that corrupted it in jail because it would take 10 years just to prosecute them, it is faster to send them home and make sure they never work in the law profession again for the rest of their life. The funny part of all of this is that the people in the judicial system can run it honestly, however they all,  whether good or bad have decided to either run it in corruption or allow it to run in corruption their whole careers. That means all are complicit with the corruption and all of it is done on purpose every single day. There are no good or bad guys when the so-called good guys let the bad guys get away with the corruption so you are all bad. The Government of The United States of America receives ex-cops that saw the corruption and had to leave because it was so bad. Now imagine this, a man or woman leaves the police force and court system because there are so many crimes being committed on a daily basis. The people that are hired to stop crime are committing most of the crimes in the country. When this kind of condition occurs, it is time to scrap the whole thing and start over. To the International Community: Don’t believe one judgment was rendered with due process, not one honest court proceeding is going on today, nothing coming out of the U.S. no matter if local, state of federal so called judicial document has one shred of honesty attached to it. Do not invest in one bond being sold by a Municipality, it is all fraud from start to finish and the International record everyone is reading is completely false. Published by the committee of the National assembly for the Government of The United States of America. 06-19-2019

The State of New Mexico accepts Continental Currency

Places that Take Continental Currancy



Continental Currency Services | Payday Loans, Check Cashing and …
www.ccurr.com/

Whether you need to cash a check, payday loan, purchase a money order, send or receive cash … services and many more at any of our 57 convenient locations in California and Nevada. … We take great pride in maintaining long-term relationships with our customers and are constantly seeking new products and services.Missing: FarmingtonCCS Store Locator | Continental Currency Services
www.ccurr.com/locator/

CCS store locations are selectively chosen for placement in neighborhoods where the community most benefits.600 E 20Th St, Farmington, NM | Smiths Money Services
https://www.moneyservices.com › Find Store › New Mexico › Farmingto
n

Get a money order, send money, pay bills and cash checks at Smiths located at 600 E 20Th St in FarmingtonNew Mexico.FARMINGTON INN – Prices & Hotel Reviews (NM) – TripAdvisor
https://www.tripadvisor.com › … › Farmington › Farmington Hotels

 Rating: 2 – ‎119 reviews – ‎Price range: $ (Based on Average Nightly Rates for a Standard Room from our Partners)Book Farmington Inn, Farmington on TripAdvisor: See 115 traveler reviews, 33 candid … 510 Scott Ave, FarmingtonNM 87401-7152 … See all nearby restaurants … Very limited continental breakfast included two cereal choices, bread for toast … use care when booking this hotel, I booked a room here missed that it was a …THE REGION INN $71 ($̶8̶7̶) – Updated 2019 Prices & Hotel …
https://www.tripadvisor.com › United States › New Mexico (NM) › Farmington

 Rating: 4 – ‎141 reviews – ‎Price range: $ (Based on Average Nightly Rates for a Standard Room from our Partners)Now $71 (Was $̶8̶7̶) on TripAdvisor: The Region Inn, Farmington. See 131 … 23Restaurantswithin 0.75 miles … 601 E Broadway, FarmingtonNM 87401-7111 …. The price is right and they provide continentalbreakfast as well. …. Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | How the site works … CURRENCY/REGION.

Images for places that take continental currency in …

More images for places that take continental currency in Farmington New MexicoReport images

Web results

La Quinta Inn by Wyndham Farmington: 2019 Room Prices $79, Deals …
https://www.expedia.com › Photos › Rooms › Amenities › Reviews › Policies

 Rating: 3.8 – ‎738 reviewsResults 1 – 10 of 730 – … clean rooms. Discover the best prices for La Quinta Inn Farmington – book now. … inventory, price, deals, currency and language …. It only takes 2 minutes to book! …. Free continentalbreakfast, free WiFi in public areas, and free self parking are also provided. … 675 Scott Ave, FarmingtonNM 87401 …First National Bank Texas – First Convenience Bank | Putting …
https://www.1stnb.com/

… and locations has contributed to the growth and expansion of our banking family. … than 300 branches and 400 ATMs across Texas, Arizona and New Mexico.Home2 Suites by Hilton Farmington/Bloomfield $86 ($̶1̶2̶1̶ …
https://www.kayak.com › Hotels › United States › New Mexico › Farmington

 Rating: 8.9/10 – ‎127 reviews – ‎Price range: $100 per night (Latest starting price for this hotel) – Save up to 25%777 South Browning Parkway, FarmingtonNM 87401, United States …. Take advantage of sunny weather with a barbecue on the outdoor patio, or refresh in the …History of New Mexico – Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_New_Mexico

The history of New Mexico is based on both archeological evidence, attesting to varying cultures of humans occupying the area of New Mexico since approximately 9200 BC, and written records. The earliest peoples had migrated from northern areas of North America ….. They endangered the survival of colonial New Mexico, stripping the …

From The Committee for The United States of America

Albert Pikes Overlay Survey Of Washington D.C. Is Notwithstanding!

Posted on August 20, 2017 AuthoradminComment(0)

     PUBLISHED BY THE REIGN OF THE HEAVENS SOCIETY POST ON 08-20-2017

                 INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC NOTICE

The committee for the Government of The United States of America hereby addresses Albert Pike, a well know Lucufarian created an overlay survey declaring that the pentagram of Washington D.C. was in fact a lucifarian symbol thereby giving credit (to a foreign deity well known for nefarious acts against human beings) where credit was not due.

The overlay survey filed by Albert Pike was a corruption of the truth of the pentagram and its origins and therefore caused many people to follow said deception thereby declaring their persons as enemies of human beings and causing fear, strife and contention among the people.

An example of the nefarious acts committed by Albert Pikes followers can be found in a report issued by the Private Attorney Generals Across America Association found here: LINK Published on 08-20-2017 by the REIGN OF THE HEAVENS SOCIETY POST.

The example proves beyond a shadow of a doubt that people with uniforms on a local level do in fact pose as state agencies when they are classified as local units that have nothing to do with the states. They are Lucifarian private membership associations that commit a host of human rights violations on a daily basis for the purpose of worshiping their god, committing crimes and filling their pockets with Albert Pikes religious script.

In Albert Pikes overlay survey, he declares the pentagram as a religious symbol when in fact it is a language derived from North Africa created by the Berbers. The pentagram has nothing to do with Baphomet like it has been depicted here:

and here:

Surveyed by this man depicted here:

and memorialized here:

SONY DSC

under this seal:

Therefore, the clear understanding of the symbols is depicted here:

The pentagram is not one symbol, it is a combination of four letters of an ancient alphabet when placed on top of each other forms a meaning. The pentagram was hijacked by Albert Pike wherein he corrupted the letters and their meaning thereby corrupting its purpose and dis-honoring himself, his family name and his origins.

Therefore, everyone can see that the fear created by Albert Pikes survey is notwithstanding and the survey shall hereby be withdrawn from the history books, removed from any form of chain of title, and burnt as trash to be thrown out and never to return again as if it never was in existence.

Further, the statue of Albert Pike should remain as a reminder for future generations to remain forever vigilant against these types of surveys, that are a corruption of the truth, created by sick people that suffer from an inferiority complex and turn to surveys that cause fear, strife and contention in an effort to create a facade of importance and meaning to their ego for the purpose of dominating others.

08-20-2017

admin

See author’s posts

Share this:

Like this:

American Herald

AUGUST 24, 2017

THE AMERICAN NATIONAL UNION ASSEMBLY CONDEMNS THE U.S. DOLLAR AS A MISREPRESENTATION OF THE COUNTRY!

by ADMIN

Published on 08-24-2017 by the American Herald

Public Notice

The American National Union assembly condemned the USD as a misrepresentation of the country itself because of the perverted “religious symbols” all over the script.

The reason for the concern has nothing to do with the fact that it is a fiat type currency or any other reasons that have been claimed in the past.

The currency itself has caused confusion and human rights violations in other countries.

Example: A Christian goes to another country and uses the U.S. Dollar while claiming to be Christian. The people of that country look at the currency and realize that there are Illuminati religious symbols that are demonic in nature printed on the currency. In that case, the Christian could be attacked as an infiltrator or spy because the script itself made the Christian appear to be a liar because in the minds of foreigners, the money is a representation of the allegiance of a people of a particular country.

Could this scenario be the reason why Christians are being attacked all over the world? It is a very good possibility! Misrepresentation is a serious crime in international law.  The silence of the Christian Churches over this issue could mean that those churches are in reality demonic because the preacher asks for donations every week that has demonic symbols all over the script and never says a word about it.

Even though the demonic claim to those symbols has been debunked, LINK the advertisement campaign towards the claim of those symbols being demonic has already damaged those symbols beyond repair as it pertains to this generation. Please keep in mind that this action taken is not an endorsement for Christians, it is an action to reduce human rights violations against a particular group of people and to correct a misrepresentation that has endured since the false claims made in 1868 by Albert Pike.

Other motions to be heard next week by the Great Council will be:

1: To condemn CNN and MSNBC for inciting and to shut those organizations down for the War Crime of inciting.

2: Classify ANTIFA as a terrorist organization and to condemn their activity as war crimes for attacking civilians on a regular basis. 

3: To condemn and classify Southern Poverty Law Center as a terrorist organization by actively attacking civilians on behalf of a foreign power and a foreign communist organization.

and a host of other issues that are in desperate need of addressing within the States of the Union.  Please join the original American Union of 1774 here: LINK  to petition the Great Council with other motions and issues that need to be addressed. If anyone would like to read the official record, it is also posted and published as a matter of record here: LINK

08-24-2017 

Related

National Currencies and CoinsOctober 13, 2015In “International Public Notice”

National Security Breach by creatures of the state! Part 6February 15, 2017Similar post

An effort by the Globalists to cloud title of the Bank of North America!November 8, 2015In “International Public Notice”THIS ENTRY WAS POSTED IN INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC NOTICEPUBLIC NOTICE. BOOKMARK THE PERMALINK.

Post navigation

← PREVIOUSNEXT →

LEAVE A REPLY

American Herald

AUGUST 24, 2017

THE AMERICAN NATIONAL UNION ASSEMBLY CONDEMNS THE U.S. DOLLAR AS A MISREPRESENTATION OF THE COUNTRY!

by ADMIN

Published on 08-24-2017 by the American Herald

Public Notice

The American National Union assembly condemned the USD as a misrepresentation of the country itself because of the perverted “religious symbols” all over the script.

The reason for the concern has nothing to do with the fact that it is a fiat type currency or any other reasons that have been claimed in the past.

The currency itself has caused confusion and human rights violations in other countries.

Example: A Christian goes to another country and uses the U.S. Dollar while claiming to be Christian. The people of that country look at the currency and realize that there are Illuminati religious symbols that are demonic in nature printed on the currency. In that case, the Christian could be attacked as an infiltrator or spy because the script itself made the Christian appear to be a liar because in the minds of foreigners, the money is a representation of the allegiance of a people of a particular country.

Could this scenario be the reason why Christians are being attacked all over the world? It is a very good possibility! Misrepresentation is a serious crime in international law.  The silence of the Christian Churches over this issue could mean that those churches are in reality demonic because the preacher asks for donations every week that has demonic symbols all over the script and never says a word about it.

Even though the demonic claim to those symbols has been debunked, LINK the advertisement campaign towards the claim of those symbols being demonic has already damaged those symbols beyond repair as it pertains to this generation. Please keep in mind that this action taken is not an endorsement for Christians, it is an action to reduce human rights violations against a particular group of people and to correct a misrepresentation that has endured since the false claims made in 1868 by Albert Pike.

Other motions to be heard next week by the Great Council will be:

1: To condemn CNN and MSNBC for inciting and to shut those organizations down for the War Crime of inciting.

2: Classify ANTIFA as a terrorist organization and to condemn their activity as war crimes for attacking civilians on a regular basis. 

3: To condemn and classify Southern Poverty Law Center as a terrorist organization by actively attacking civilians on behalf of a foreign power and a foreign communist organization.

and a host of other issues that are in desperate need of addressing within the States of the Union.  Please join the original American Union of 1774 here: LINK  to petition the Great Council with other motions and issues that need to be addressed. If anyone would like to read the official record, it is also posted and published as a matter of record here: LINK

08-24-2017 

Related

National Currencies and CoinsOctober 13, 2015In “International Public Notice”

National Security Breach by creatures of the state! Part 6February 15, 2017Similar post

An effort by the Globalists to cloud title of the Bank of North America!November 8, 2015In “International Public Notice”THIS ENTRY WAS POSTED IN INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC NOTICEPUBLIC NOTICE. BOOKMARK THE PERMALINK.

Post navigation

← PREVIOUSNEXT →

LEAVE A REPLY